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Buddha Bear
2003-01-31, 12:01
Caches - a container that is filled with provisions that have been previously dropped off so that it can be used at a later date.
Camp: Area where one sets up to stay for the night, and party/sleep.
Camp Chair: A chair that's lightweight, packable, and can be converted to a sleeping pad, making it a good choice backcountry camping. Some inflatable and open-cell/closed-cell foam pads convert into chairs with webbing strips and buckles and/or poles.
Camp Shoe - a shoe worn around camp after a long day of hiking in trail boots.
Cannister: Canisters contain a pressurized blend of fuels like propane, butane, isobutane, and isopropane that is released as a gas. Canister stoves are much simpler and quieter than liquid-fuel stoves, have precise flame control, typically last years without maintenance, and are a fraction of the bulk and weight of a liquid-fuel burner. Negatives include a severely diminished flame in freezing temps and strong winds, and a decrease in flame intensity as the canister empties. It uses more expensive fuel, few canisters are recyclable, and none, at this time, are refillable.
Cairn: a stack or mound of stones used to mark a trail's route through areas that are devoid of trees.
Cardinal points: the four main points of direction on a compass- North / 360 degrees; East / 90 degrees; South / 180 degrees; and West / 270 degrees.
Cat hole - a hole that is dug and used as a latrine.
Cement-block Blister Boxes - boots that do not seem to break in and create monster blisters on your feet.
Cinch Straps: Adjustable straps often used to compress a stuff sack or to keep a load close to your back.
Collapsible Poles: Expansion plugs inside the pole shaft lock when you twist pole sections in opposite directions. Twist-locking poles allow highly variable length adjustments. Snap-lock poles adjust via clips that open and close with a flick of your thumb.
Col: A saddle-shaped depression along the crest of a ridge or a pass in the mountains. Geographically, cols are important gateways through ridges from one cirque to another. In many cases a col is where trails and routes cross ridges. Sometimes these are simple, easy trails; other times they can be dangerous scrambles up loose talus and scree-choked gullies.
Compass: A magnetic navigation device that points to magnetic north and allows you to determine direction by comparison.
Condensation: Moisture forming on the inner wall of your tent due to inadequate ventilation.
Confluence: The point at which two or more streams come together and form one tributary. In arid regions where watercourses dry up on a seasonal basis, streambeds can be used as trails ~ and confluences represent important landmarks. In the mountains many trails follow streams or rivers. Keeping track of the confluences helps you pinpoint your position on a topographic map. Confluence can also refer to the point where two glaciers meet.
Conifer: Trees that reproduce seeds in cones, have needles and are perennial (meaning that they do not shed needles during the winter season). Conifers make up the majority of species throughout western US forests in part because of their ability to survive cold, snowy winters.
Contour interval: the difference in elevation (height) between one contour line and the next.
Contour line: an often irregular closed loop that connects points of equal elevation. The line with a darker shade of brown, typically every fifth line, is called an index contour and usually has the elevation printed on it. Elevations refer to elevation above sea level.
Cool Max: DuPont's hydrophobic (water-hating) polyester with fiber cross sections that produce a strong wicking action; often used in outerwear linings and light layering garments.
Coordinate: a series of numbers that indicate on which map and in which grid the position displayed is located. Latitude and longitude are nothing more than coordinates on a grid.
Corduroy: a road, trail or bridge formed by logs laid transversely, side by side, to facilitate crossing swampy areas.
Cornice: A cornice is actually a snow formation that occurs along ridges, in cols, saddles and notches. During the course of the winter, most storms come from one general direction in any given mountainous region. The snow driven by wind begins to collect on the lyward side of above mentioned places and creates a dangerous structure that resembles a frozen ocean wave. Cornices are ticking time bombs waiting to break-off and avalanche. The chances of a release are higher on sunny spring days late in the afternoon.
Cotton Duck: A heavy canvas treated to make it water-resistant. Did I mention this is HEAVY?
Cowboy Coffee - coffee grounds that are poured generously into a steaming cup of hot water with no cream or sugar. This coffee will definitely put hair on your chest.
Crampons: Metal boot attachments that allow you increased traction on icy/snowy trails.
Cut Through - a non-designated trail used to shortcut obstacles or mileage. This is a no-no for Backpacking.