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Buddha Bear
2003-01-31, 12:01
· Daypack: Small backpack that holds enough gear for a one-day outing.
· Declination: the difference in degrees between magnetic north (the direction the magnetic needle on a compass points) and true or geographic north (the direction maps are printed towards).
· Dehydration - not having enough fluids in the body for proper function. This can lead to some serious complications.
· Degrees: A unit of measurement used to describe an angle within a circle, to measure to measure latitude and longitude, and to establish bearing on a compass.
· Deep-lugged Sole: A boot sole featuring deep ridges and grooves for maximum traction.
· Designated Wilderness Area: In 1964 the United States Congress passed the Wilderness Act. The act enabled government agencies such as the Forest Service, Park Service and Bureau of Land Management to set aside lands that were untrampled by modern civilization, and manage and preserve them as truly wild areas. These areas offer hikers a chance to enjoy a nonmechanized experience away from the conveniences of modern civilization. National Parks can have wilderness areas within the park boundaries, but these are different from Designated Wilderness Areas in numerous ways, depending on which agency manages the area. The United States Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management allow animal grazing and firearms within Wilderness Areas, but the National Park Service does not. All agree that bicycles, hang gliders and any motorized vehicles are strictly prohibited within any wilderness boundries. Because it does take an act of Congress to get wilderness protected, being designated is like winning the lottery. Throughout the United States many "wilderness" lands are still under study for possible official designation by Congress. Without protection, these lands often become developed and tame instead of wild free places available to anyone.
· Dirtbagging: Another term for ultra-light type backpacking, with the addition of beer.
· Dome: A free-standing tent shape where the poles create a dome by curving over each other.
· Double-walled Tent: A tent made of dual construction fabric that provides insulation by trapping a pocket of air between the layers.
· Dry Sack: A waterproof bag that folds or rolls down in such a way that it can be sealed off when closed. Made for storing gear when paddling in canoes or kayaks, these sacks are also useful on backcountry hikes where rainy conditions are expected.
· Duct Tape: A backpacker’s best friend. Can be used to patch up about anything in a jiffy.
· Duff: Partially decayed vegetable matter on the forest floor. It burns easily and is responsible for many forest fires.